Collision Analysis

Transport Canada Research

Collision Analysis is currently under contract to Transport Canada to conduct research investigations of certain types of collisions as well as safety-related vehicle defect investigations in the province of Alberta.

Regulation of Vehicle Safety

Seat Belt Receptacle

The Motor Vehicle Safety Directorate of Transport Canada has a mandate to regulate the safety of new vehicles in Canada. In particular, all new motor vehicles manufactured or imported for sale in Canada must comply with the regulations passed pursuant to the Canada Motor Vehicle Safety Act. As part of this effort, Transport Canada conducts a research program focused on real-world collisions. The program began in the 1970s. One of the primary goals of this effort is to evaluate the effectiveness of current safety standards and to estimate the potential of new safety devices such as supplemental air bag restraint systems.

Legislative Authority

The legislative authority to conduct research is given to the Minister of Transport in Section 20 of the Motor Vehicle Safety Act. Section 20 (1) states that the Minister may (a) conduct such research, studies and evaluations as the Minister considers necessary for the administration and enforcement of this Act; (b) undertake research and development programs for the study of the impact of vehicles, drivers of vehicles and the streets and highways on road safety, energy conservation and the environment for the promotion of measures to control that impact.

Research Program

Scene Investigation

The research program is currently conducted by a team headquartered in Ottawa together with a network of research teams across Canada. Collision Analysis is now part of this research network. The teams conduct in-depth investigations of motor vehicle collisions that meet the criteria for specific studies. A comprehensive analysis and reconstruction of the collision events of each case is conducted in order to understand various aspects of the crash such as occupant kinematics and the role of restraint systems in reducing or increasing the severity of injuries. Teams conduct detailed inspections of the collision scene and of the involved vehicles.

The in-depth investigation of real-world motor vehicle collisions allows Transport Canada to evaluate existing safety standards, which can lead to advancements in vehicle design and enhancements to future regulations. The ultimate goal of the research study is to reduce the societal costs of fatalities, injuries, and property damage resulting from motor vehicle collisions.

Privacy of Personal Information

Any personal information obtained concerning the owners, operators, and passengers of motor vehicles is protected under the provisions of the Canada Privacy Act (1980-81-82-83, c.11 Sch. II ‘1’). Such data is consequently unavailable for access by third parties. In this manner, the anonymity and confidentiality of such data is assured. Furthermore, it is Collision Analysis’ and Transport Canada’s practice to not record any specific identifying information in research reports. No information retained by Transport Canada identifies specific collision locations, involved vehicles, or individuals. Protected Information It is also intended that, as a result of our specific motor vehicle safety mandate, Transport Canada will remain impartial and will not be party in any criminal or civil proceedings that may arise in a Transport Canada studied crash.

What's New

December 21, 2018

Christmas Wishes...

March 28, 2018

First pedestrian death involving fully autonomous vehicle

February 13, 2018

Bill S-2 to bring changes to Canada’s Motor Vehicle Safety Act

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